Active Directory Interview Question and Answer

Active Directory Interview Question and Answer :-

1) Whar are the New Features in Windows Server 2008 R2:-

1. Active Directory Administrative Center—For administrators, the biggest change in Server 2008 R2 is undoubtedly the new Active Directory Administrative Center, which replaces the older Active Directory, Domains and Trusts, Sites and Services, and Users and Computers management tools. The Active Directory Administrative Center is built on top of PowerShell and its actions are scriptable. One really nice feature is the new Active Directory Recycle Bin.

2. Remote server management—Server Manager was one of the best improvements in Server 2008 because it provides a centralized and useful console for managing Windows Server. However, Server Manager is limited to working with the local system. With R2, Server Manager can be installed on network clients and can be used to manage remote Server 2008 systems.

3. PowerShell 2.0—Server 2008 R2 includes PowerShell 2.0, which features improved WMI cmdlets and support for running scripts on remote systems, creating ScriptCmdlets, and running background jobs. In addition, R2 has a new graphical PowerShell UI for developing and debugging PowerShell scripts. PowerShell 2.0 is compatible with PowerShell 1.0

4. Support for the .NET Framework in Server Core—One of the biggest disappointments in the original Server 2008 release was the lack of support for the .NET Framework in Server Core, which meant that technologies that seemed perfect for Server Core, such as Windows PowerShell and ASP.NET applications, couldn’t run on Server Core. R2 fixes this problem by adding support for a subset of the .NET Framework that supports both ASP.NET and PowerShell.

5. Live Migration—Probably one of the most anticipated features in R2, Live Migration improves VM availability by letting you move Hyper-V VMs between hosts with no downtime. Live Migration is Microsoft’s answer to VMware’s VMotion. Live Migration is built on top of R2’s new Cluster Shared Volumes technology, which lets multiple cluster nodes concurrently access the same LUN.

6. New Hyper-V—A new Hyper-V release is included in Server 2008 R2. A prerelease version of Hyper-V was shipped with the original Windows Server 2008. R2 includes the latest version of Hyper-V. In this version, VMs are able to address up to 32 cores per VM, and the use of TCP Offload and Jumbo Frames provides improved networking performance. One of the biggest improvements in Hyper-V is support for the next item, Live Migration.

7. Remote Desktop Services—Another change in Windows Server 2008 R2 is the rebranding of Terminal Services to Remote Desktop Services. However, the changes aren’t in name alone. The new Remote Desktop Services includes support for the Aero Glass interface, multiple monitors, and DirectX 11, 10 and 9.

8. Core Parking—Windows Server 2008 R2’s new Core Parking functionality enables improved power management. Core Parking lets the OS suspend cores that aren’t in use, thereby saving the power required to run those cores. Parked cores can be reactivated in milliseconds to respond to increased workloads.

9. Support for 256 cores—Improved scalability is another important feature in Server 2008 R2, which will be able to utilize up to 256 cores. This number is a huge jump from the 64-core limit in the original Windows Server 2008.

10. 64-bit only—Windows Server 2008 R2 marks the first time that the Windows Server OS will be 64-bit only, meaning that Server 2008 R2 must run on x64-compatible hardware. Almost all of today’s popular server hardware will accommodate this requirement, but the R2 release won’t run on 32-bit systems.

2) System State Backup includes which components ?

The system state Backup includes the following components on a domain controller:

  • Active Directory (NTDS)
  • The boot files
  • The COM+ class registration database
  • The registry
  • The system volume (SYSVOL)
And on a non-domain controller, the following components are included:
  • The boot file
  • The COM+ class registration database
  • The registry

When a member server or domain controller with a certificate server is installed, the following additional item is also included:

  • Certificate Server

Note: System State information is backed up and restored as a unit.


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